The main cause of nail thickening is trauma – this may be caused by a serious and direct trauma (e.g. dropping a heavy item onto the toe), or repetitive micro-trauma (e.g. the nails repetitively tapping the top of a narrow pair of shoes). Other reasons for nail thickening and discolouration may include a fungal nail infection.
Callus and corns are areas of hard skin which build-up as a result of increasing pressure and friction. Over time this build-up can become uncomfortable and very painful in certain cases.
The best at-home treatment is to regularly scrub feet with a pumice stone or callus file (purchased from your local chemist) and to keep the skin soft with regular moisturiser.
Fungal nail infections (onychomycosis) typically start with small white spots or strips on the surface of the nail but if they’re not treated will start to eat away at the keratin and cause the nail to thicken, discolour and crumble – making them look very unpleasant.
The medical name for a bunion is Hallux Abducto Valgus (HAV). It occurs when there is a deviation of the bones of the big toe and is usually identified by a bump on the inside of the first toe. Onset is gradual and may result in a red and painful joint.
Plantar warts, also known as verruca are caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Warts are a small cauliflower-shaped skin lesion characterised by black dots, which sometimes cause discomfort when standing, walking or running.
Podiatrists play an enormously important role in monitoring and caring for diabetic patient’s feet. Diabetic assessments include assessment of: